According to the museum website:
An intriguing glimpse into who we are as Americans awaits travelers in the picturesque village of Boalsburg, Pennsylvania. Nine generations of the Boal family have lived the story of America, and even have a tangible family connection with our famous founding father, Christopher Columbus.
As visitors drive up the long, gravel driveway of the 200-year-old Boal Estate beneath the ancient oak and maple trees, they begin their own voyage of American discovery. Few realize at first glance the incredible family memorabilia, authentic and intact, they will be experiencing during their one-hour visit. A lock of hair of Napoleon? Simon Bolivar’s pistol? Two pieces of the True Cross? Relics from the tomb of the grandparents of King Tut? Most leave saying, “This is amazing! Why haven’t we heard about this before?” A full 85% of visitors surveyed say the site exceeded their expectations.more...
Thanks and a tip of the beret to Elena-Maria at Tea at Trianon.
Dieu Le Roy,
During an excavation in and about the area of the Louvre in 1984 a helmet was found in the well of the tower of Philippe Auguste, which had been filled in in 1528. It was broken into over one hundred and fifty pieces upon the discovery. It consists of two parts: the helmet itself, and a crown that was fixed to the lower rim above the visor.
It was identified as that of King Charles VI because of its fleur-de-lis decoration, and by comparison with the 1411 inventory of the king's armory.
...The discovery site of the helmet supports its attribution to King Charles VI, as does the description of the king's emblems and mottoes. The use of "badges" composed of a "motto" ("en bien") and a symbol (a winged stag) emerged in the West from the mid-14th century onward, together with the tradition of hereditary coats of arms (the royal emblem of the fleur-de-lis, in this instance).
The emblem or badge of Charles VI—the white winged stag—featured not only on the helmet but also on one of the two enameled bronze pennons, the second bearing a decoration of pheasant feathers. Other items were also found in the well: a fragment of a sword sheath featuring a silver plated hind, a leather strap with an engraved image of the same animal, a gilded bronze rivet decorated with a double broom pod, and a small bronze disc featuring the Hebrew letter "shîn".
This helmet—the only known example of its kind, and the sole surviving trace of the Louvre as it was at the time of Charles VI—testifies to the misfortunes and upheavals of that period...more from the Louvre Museum description.
It is supposed that the helmet was stolen, and fearing a quick discovery, the jewels and gold were beat off of the helmet and the "disjecta membra" were unceremoniously tossed into the well. That someone could sneak into the Louvre and steal this is nothing short of remarkable.
What is also remarkable is that the restoration efforts were able to put it back together to the point where it has a shape. For some reason the plan to replace the lost metal with a base metal was rejected.
Thanks to Catherine Delors.
Dieu le Roy,
This soldier first class of the 45th R.I poses for a traditional portrait, a souvenir military service. During this era, this regiment was divided between the garrisons of Laon, Hirson, Fort Montbérault, Fort Laniscourt and Sissonne.
The use of the prie-dieu is a frequent cliché during this period. It allows on the subject of be held straight during the photo taking. It also confers equally to the photos a solemnity which is at once religious, and that is not harmful: As with the army, the Church was always regarded as the one of the pillars of the French society before 1914... more
His uniform remained pretty much the same until the first battles of the Great War, the French hitherto having been very slow to change the color of the uniform due to politcal, social, and traditional reasons- ("Le pantalon rouge, c'est la France". Red trousers are France!' Eugene Etienne, French War Minister, 1913) War changes societies ideas.
La première guerre mondiale (1902 - 1932)
Dieu Le Roy
This photo is not listed as to whom this picture belonged. I wonder what happened to him.
Piou-piou is a nickname for soldiers of this period, which predates Poilu. Some think it is a corruption of pawn, an expendable piece in chess, or as a wayward chicken might fall into the hands of a foraging soldier. Piou is the French word for the sound a chicken makes. (English speaking(?) chickens say cluck cluck).
The translation is mine.
When doctors decide who is worthy of life then no one will be worthy of life.
Terminally-ill care scheme is 'death pathway', warn experts
By Daniel Bates
1:18 PM on 03rd September 2009
NHS doctors are prematurely ending the lives of terminally-ill patients, experts warn today.
This 'tick box' approach can make it harder to see signs of improvement, creating a 'self-fulfilling prophecy' that they will die.
Meanwhile, relatives have to endure the agony of watching their loved ones being refused food and drink.
The claims come in a open letter from six experts in palliative care.
The warning involves a scheme called the Liverpool Care Pathway, designed to limit the suffering of patients in their final hours.
It was developed by the Marie Curie cancer charity and has been extended to other medical conditions and adopted by hundreds of hospices, care homes and hospitals.
But the experts, led by Professor Peter Millard, Emeritus Professor of Geriatrics at the University of London and Dr Peter Hargreaves, a consultant in palliative medicine at St Luke's cancer centre in Guildford, claim the scheme is causing a 'national crisis' in patient care.
They say they have personally taken patients off it and seen them live for 'significant' amounts of time.
The letter, published in the Daily Telegraph, will renew the debate about doctors 'playing God' with lives.
Under the LCP, a patient's medical team looks for signs that he or she is approaching-their final hours, including losing consciousness and being unable to swallow medication.
The letter writers warn that these signs can point to other problems. Patients can become semi-conscious as a side-effect of pain-killing drugs.
Dr Hargreaves said the scheme, which he called the 'death pathway', depended on constant assessment, but many doctors were not checking the progress of patients enough to notice improvements.
A spokesman for Marie Curie said: 'The letter talks about death being an inexact science and that is absolutely right. The Liverpool Care Pathway is not about ticking boxes, all decisions are made by a multi-disciplinary team so they're constantly reviewed and any decisions are made by a range of experts in palliative care.
'The Liverpool Care Pathway we know has already improved the end of life experience for thousands of people.
'The approach, this letter, will case serious alarm and fear for families and patients facing an end of life care experience.
'Marie Curie is working to reduce the estimated 100 million people each year who die without access to "high quality palliative care".'
The Department of Health said: 'People coming to the end of their lives should have a right to high quality, compassionate and dignified care.
'The Liverpool Care Pathway is an established and recommended tool that provides clinicians with an evidence-based framework to help delivery of high quality care for people at the end of their lives.
'It has been recommended in the Supportive and Palliative Care Guidance issued by the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE).'
Dieu Le Roy!
From the Blog Inside Catholic...
...political philosophies are premised upon the state being the ultimate good or ultimate end. Despite claims to the contrary, these doctrines do not ask individuals to share. They insist -- at the point of a gun, if necessary -- that the individual submit to the state. The ultimate aim is creation of a bureaucracy that treats people as parts of a collective group, not as individuals... more...
Dieu le Roy!
My work has piled up and I have been racing to get everything on my desk completed before I start the new months work. Case management can be stressful.
I hope to start posting more regularly. I have a to to say about the trip home and a serendipitous discovery featuring St Rita of Cascia.
God bless all who have come an visited me.
Dieu Le Roy!
St. Thérèse of Lisieux was named by Pope Pius XII secondary patron of all of France, after Mary. Though we're all familiar with her Story of a Soul, which some unfortunately interpret as revealing a saccharinely sweet, tender, and weak saint, we are less familiar with the fiery aspect of her soul, the one that longed to "die in a battlefield, arms in hand.” St. Joan of Arc as her model, St. Thérèse had a burning desire to literally go to war for Christ:
Oh no, I would not fear going to war. With what joy, for example, at the time of the Crusades, I would have gone to combat heretics. Yes! I would not have been afraid to be shot; I would not have feared the fire!
When I think I’m dying in bed! I would want to die in an arena!
Thanks to Christine, and a tip of the beret.
Dieu Le Roy
Here is a taste...
Here we see Louis XIII offering his Crown to Mary for the Child Jesus. Evidently the artist understood who authority came from. ...for more go to here...
Dieu Le Roy!
In Poland... At 0445 hours German forces invade Poland without a declaration of war. The operation is code named Fall Weiss (Plan White). The Germans allot 52 divisions for the invasion (some 1.5 million men), including the 6 armored divisions and all their motorized units. Of the divisions left to defend against an Anglo-French front, only about 10 are regarded by the Germans as being fit for any kind of action. General Brauchitsch, the Commander-in-Chief of the German Army, is in command of the campaign. Bock leads Army Group North, consisting of the 4th Army (Kuchler) and 3rd Army (Kluge); Rundstedt leads Army Group South, consisting of 8th Army (Balskowitz), 10th Army (Reichenau) and 14th Army (List). Air support comes from two Air Fleets, commanded by Kesselring and Lohr, which have around 1,600 aircraft. Army Group South, advancing from Silesia, is to provide the main German attacks. The 8th Army on the left is to move toward Poznan, the principal thrust is to be delivered by 10th Army which is to advance in the center to the Vistula River between Warsaw and Sandomierz, while 14th Army on the right moves toward Krakow and the Carpathian flank. The 4th Army from East Prussia is to move south toward Warsaw and the line to the Bug River to the east; 3rd Army is to cross the Polish Corridor and join 4th Army in moving south. The Poles have 23 regular infantry divisions prepared with 7 more assembling, 1 weak armored division and an inadequate supply of artillery. They also have a considerable force of cavalry. The reserve units were only called up on August 30th and are not ready for combat. In the air, almost all the 500 Polish planes are obsolete and prove unable to blunt the impact of the German attack. During the day, the Luftwaffe launches air strikes on Warsaw, Lodz and Krakow. The Polish Commander in Chief, Marshal Rydz-Smigly, has deployed the stronger parts of his army in the northwestern half of the country, including large forces in the Poznan area and the Polish Corridor. He hopes to hold the Germans to only gradual gains. All along the front the superior training, equipment and strength of the Germans quickly brings them the advantage in the first battles. Many Polish units are overrun before their reinforcements from the reserve mobilization can arrive. At sea, as in the air, Polish technical inferiority leads to crushing early defeats. Three of the four Polish destroyers manage to leave for Britain before hostilities begin and later one submarine also escapes.
On the first day the old pre-Dreadnought battleship, Schleswig-Holstein, bombards the Polish naval base at Westerplatte.
In Berlin... Officials claim that Polish army regulars started firing on Germans along the frontier and that the fire was returned beginning at 0445 hours. Hitler addresses the Reichstag during the day, declaring "I am determined to eliminate from the German frontiers the element of insecurity, the atmosphere which permanently resembles that of civil war."
From Warsaw... The Polish government appeals for British and French intervention under the terms of the Mutual Assistance Treaties.
In London... The British government demands a German withdrawal from Poland.
In Britain... Because of the fear of air attacks, the evacuation of young children from London and other supposedly vulnerable areas is begun. General mobilization is proclaimed. (The Royal Navy was mobilized on August 31st.) Air Raid Precautions (ARP) are introduced and a "blackout" enforced from sunset. British railways are taken under government control.
In Paris... The French government demands a German withdrawal from Poland.
In France... General mobilization and a "state of siege" (martial law) are proclaimed.
In Rome... The Italian government announces that it will not take any military initiative.
In the Soviet Union... The armed forces are mobilized and the draft age is lowered from 21 to 19.
In Washington... President Roosevelt calls for a ban on indiscriminate bombing of civilians and undefended towns.
In Oslo... The Norwegian government declares its neutrality.
In Bern... The Swiss government declares its neutrality.
In Helsinki... The Finnish government declares its neutrality.
from On War
MOSCOW, AUG. 28, 2009 (Zenit.org).- The murderer of Jesuit Father Victor Betancourt was sentenced on Tuesday, but the killing of the victim's confrere, Father Otto Messner, remains unpunished.
In a communiqué, the Society of Jesus of the Russian region expressed its disappointment and stated that justice has not been carried out.
The victims, Ecuadorian Father Victor Betancourt, 42, and Russian Father Otto Messner, 46, were found dead last October with blows to the head in a Moscow apartment owned by the Society of Jesus.
At the time the bodies were found, the dwelling was open and no valuable objects were missing.
Mikhail Orekhov was sentenced to 14 years of harsh imprisonment for the Oct. 25 murder of Father Betancourt, but absolved for the Oct. 27 murder of Father Messner, who was traveling and returned home two days after the first killing.
The accused criminal, who confessed to the two murders during the preliminary investigation, changed his version of the events in the course of the trial, alleging that the double murder was the work of another individual, unknown to him.
In keeping with the Russian judicial system, at the request of the accused, the trial took place before a popular jury.more...
The mistrust of the Roman Catholic Church in Russia (and in Russia over the Ukrain)may be plainly seen by these articles in Voices of Russia, written by an American, the editor's notes are instructive.
Vara has a good tendency which is a common characteristic amongst the Russian, franknness.
Thanks and a tip of the beret to Joseph Fromm.
Dieu le Roy!
If you disagree with any of my blog, no problem, I write for myself, not for you.
I will post a negative comment, but if you wish it to be posted and you disagree with me be so kind as to use compleat sentences.
If I prove my point to my satisfaction and you are still confused I will end it, especially if it degenerates to circular arguements and you calling me names when the discussion goes in my favor.
Any answer posted to you comment will not be contrary to the Faith.
I never "agree to disagree".
I will not name call.
I will not post any comment that begins or contains... "you are a @#$%ing &*(%" _________ary.
If I am wrong I will admit it and post a retraction.
I reserve the right of sarcasm.
I am a Catholic and a Monarchist and I make no apologies for it.
My blog is not required reading, I am not keeping you here, you might try this...
Dieu Le Roy!
NPR (National Proletariat Radio) is asking what setting should be used, here...
Here's my opinion... It should be "setting" in the hands of the family from whom it was stolen, the Legitimate Heirs to the Throne, Louis XX.
Thanks and a tip of the beret to Catherine Delors.
Dieu le Roy,
A past article on this diamond may be found here...